Mask Of Pregnancy – Melasma Treatments
Many women find at the beginning of the pregnancy a cosmetic problem that suddenly appears over their face – dark skin patches. This is called Melasma (or Chloasma) and is more commonly known as “Mask of Pregnancy” symptom. While hyper pigmentation have many ways for treatments, there are less Melasma treatments options for pregnant women.
How Does Pregnancy Skin Darkening Look Like
Melasma is a well known skin discoloration side effect, that shows at sun exposed areas of the face. The skin epidermis at the facial areas exposed to the sun, gets dark. These dark skin patches are uneven, with a jigged contour line, with different tones of brown (tanned) color.
The Melasma (mask of pregnancy symptom) in most cases show over at forehead, over cheekbones and upper lips skin. While the body has other skin surfaces which are exposed to the sun, the Melasma usually shows only at the face and not on other places.
When Does Melasma Turns Into Chloasma
The common name for the facial discoloration disorder is Melasma, but when this skin hyper-pigmentation disorder happens over the pregnant womans skin, than this skin disorder gets the name Chloasma.
Chloasma is the same discoloration symptom when it occur during pregnancy, as mentioned before is is also known as ‘mask of pregnancy’. While Melasma can erupt over mens and womens facial skin, Chloasma is a feminine skin disorder and is connected to the hormone changes in the pregnant body.
In the first trimester great hormonal changes are evolving inside the woman’s body, preparing the body for the new baby. Chloasma (Melasma during pregnancy) is connected to the estrogen and progesterone hormones. When their levels rise they affect the melanin production at the skin cells. This is why Melasma is common also for women taking hormonal contraception and birth control pills.
Skin Melanin Production And Melasma/Chloasma
The melanocytes is in charge of the color production of the cell, there is Melanin production in any cell which has colors like hair, eyes, skin. The Skin Melanin production at the skin cells is also affected from the sun UV rays so when we are at the sun there is more Melanin production to turn the skin into tan/brown to protect it from the UV sun rays.
Skin disorders which are connected to excessive Melanin production are known as hypermelanosis (or hyper-pigmentation).
During the pregnancy the hormones cause the accelerated melanin production in the skin cell, this becomes visible as large dark skin patches all over the pregnant woman’s face.
Two Relaxing Things About Melasma During Pregnancy
There are two things which might make you more relaxed when looking at the pregnancy mask covering your forehead and upper cheeks. First, that pregnancy mask symptom, Chloasma, has no physical danger for you or for the baby. Except for the cosmetic inconvenience, there are no health issues connected to the Chloasma.
If you are worried because of the brownish spots or patches covering your face, you can always see your doctor or meet a dermatologist to get the relaxing news from them.
The second thing you should know about the mask of pregnancy, is that in most cases it fades off. Just like it’s name, the ‘mask’ Melasma is during pregnancy only and a few month after the delivery, the hormones levels are back to normal, and the melanin production is back to normal too. The skin cells are resurfacing naturally every 28 days, so after a few resurfacing cycles the skin goes back to the same even tone as it was before.
Prevention Of Melasma During Pregnancy
Like many other things in natural medicine, prevention is the best way. Preventing the Melasma symptom during pregnancy, may be impossible, because of the high estrogen levels side effect over the Melanin. But you may be able to control the darkness of the skin discoloration and the amount of pigmentation by reducing substantially the exposure to the harmful sun UV rays.
The best advice for preventing Melasma during pregnancy would be to stay away from the UVA and UVB, because when the body skin gets excessive UV rays the natural Melanin production gets into work.
Staying away from UVB is simple, these are the shorter sun rays, ‘sunlight’ rays these rays do not penetrate shades and cloth, these are the rays we use for sun bathing. So wearing long sleeves, hat, sun glasses and walking in the shade can keep these UVB rays from your body.
Staying away from UVA rays is more difficult. These UV rays are ‘daylight’ and are reflective too, so whenever you are outside you are exposed to UVA. The best pregnancy sun bathing protection and prevention would be to try not to be too much outside in ‘daylight’. Using sun block creams for UVA and UVB and remembering to cover the face and re-apply every few hours.
Treatments For Melasma For Pregnant Women
For any medical treatment and the use of chemicals you must see your doctor and a dermatologist, do not try stuff you read about without consulting your physician. Most doctors may not recommend severe treatment options for pregnancy mask Melasma, because it does fade away a few month after delivery.
The treatments for pregnant women is mainly a cosmetic solutions in case the Chloasma is severe, with blotchy dark discoloration. The changes are very slow, as the skin natural resurfacing cycle is 28 days, and it might take more than one cycle to see changes.
The easy option is makeup. Using a foundation which can cover dark skin surfaces and making them disappear. With the right make up tone (usually darker than your regular makeup color) and the right powder over it, you can cover the pregnancy mask with a ‘mask’ of your own.
Bleaching creams. The use of bleaching creams can help prevent the darkening of the pregnancy mask once it is already there. The bleaching chemicals reduce the production of melanin.
Peeling Creams. There are several peeling creams that peel off the top layer of the epidermis. If the Melasma during pregnancy is an epidermis type, then these peels may help, as the get the top (dead cells) layer off and allow fresh skin cells to be felt. Some peels have micro-crystals for the physical rubbing-peeling effect and other have chemicals.
Dermabrasion and microdermabrasion. These are machines that use brushes to peel the upper top layer of the skin. Before trying home microdermabrasion machines consult your doctor, as these sometime have side effect which cause even more Melanin over-production.
Lasers. Most doctors will not approve any usage of lasers during pregnancy, so the light therapy options are not available for pregnant women.